Log-framing your picture may sound unfamiliar and quite complex, though sometimes it is an explicit requirement set by your donor and it may vary in terms of its form and used terminology. In simple words it is nothing more than a simplified overview of the most important elements of your project presented in a table. The logical framework can help you evaluate the logical settings of your idea and check whether all planned activities really lead to achieving the goal, setting a solid basis for a realistic and successful project implementation.

Do you recall developing your Tree of Problems and how you transformed it into a Tree of Objectives? If not, then it is time to revisit our Starters’ Toolkit! If yes,then it is clear that you have been developing the logical framework since the very beginning of the project preparation process!


Setting your logical framework should be the first step of filling-in the application form! Avoid postponing it until the very end!

Still not sure what all this is about?


Let’s clear the air with this short instructional video on how to make a LOGFRAME

Source: David Hearle – Logical Framework

After this short introduction, let’s follow the process step by step, starting with the order you should follow when developing in your Logical Framework table, as indicated by the numbers in the following common table:

Source: Internal

Need some short explanations? There you go!

  • Overall objective – defines the state that you want to achieve by implementing your project and demonstrates the validity of your project.
  • Specific objectives – define the steps to be taken towards the goal.
  • Results – contribute to achieving your goal.
  • Activities – major groups of activities that lead to results and the way they are connected (which activity is connected to which result).
  • Inputs – they should be observed as “raw materials” or “fuel” for your activities so that they can produce the stipulated results; that includes all necessary resources to be used during the project implementation such as human resources, services, material resources, technical resources etc.


Make sure you check the logical connections between these 5 elements: are the listed inputs sufficient for realisation of activities? Can the activities produce the listed results and objectives? Does all of this lead to achieving the project’s goal?

Assumptions – they represent the situations or conditions that are necessary for the success, but are pretty much out of your control. Begin defining assumptions from the bottom up in order to check the logic of the sequence once more. You should thereby answer the question “What are the…”:

Source: Internal

Indicators – they are used for objective verification of achievement through activities, objectives and results. In other words:

Source: Internal


Let’s take a look at the following example, which presents how the Logical Framework of your youth exchange project would look like, including explanations for each field and the questions you should answer in order to fill-in the table:

In any case, feel free to adjust the table to the specific needs of your own project!