Working in post-conflict societies can be quite challenging. As always, education and its role in promoting equality is often said to be crucial to the democratization process. The provision of a wide range of education opportunities for young people can undoubtedly help to foster democratic attitudes but offers no guarantee that appropriate behavioral patterns will be adopted. A more targeted approach is required, raising the need for conflict resolution skills, storytelling and remembrance to be incorporated into the mainstream school curriculum and out-of-school activities. Thus, inciting youth exchanges as an excellent tool for promoting peace and reconciliation in post conflict societies. The aim is to foster the knowledge, practical skills and attitudes that empower young people to exercise critical judgment and participate with confidence in the society, given that peace and reconciliation education is incompatible with cultural dominance. Although the practice of drawing on local cultural resources in the management of conflicts and violent memories is gaining acceptance, cultural traditions are arbitrary historical constructs and highly inconsistent. The issue in educational work is how a group’s cultural resources can be utilized without reverting to ethno -cultural or nationalistic stigmatization and prescription, as has often been the case in Western Balkans.